On January 25th, President Trump signed an Executive Order effectively terminating privacy protections in the US for those living outside of the United States (Order). The Order requires that all US government offices remove privacy policies protecting non-US citizens. Such policies act a chief source of privacy protection from US Government intelligence gathering entities.
The US Privacy Act of 1974, 5 USC §552a provides privacy protection to US citizens and lawful permanent residents, but does not extend those protections to foreigners. Foreigners are similarly excluded from privacy protections guaranteed to citizens under the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution.
The Order also raises concerns for European Privacy watchdogs over the future of the EU-US Privacy Shield and the EU-US Data Protection Umbrella Agreement. However, the Executive Order only demands compliance to the extent consistent with applicable law.