On August 4, 2022, the Federal Court of Appeal of Canada (FCA) issued its decision in Pharmascience Inc. v Bristol-Myers Squibb Canada Co., 2022 FCA 142, finding that the Federal Court (FC) did not err in holding that the patents at issue are valid.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/federal-court-of-appeal-dismisses-appeal-relating-to-patent-validity-concerning-apixaban
On August 3, 2022, the Québec Superior Court of Justice (the Court), in Zukerman c. MGM Resorts International, 2022 QCCS 2914, authorized a class action against MGM Resorts International for its alleged failure to implement proper security measures to protect its customers’ personal information in relation to a 2019 data breach.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/qu%C3%A9bec-court-authorizes-class-action-against-las-vegas-casino-and-hotel-chain
On August 11, 2022, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) published a report on its survey of Canadian businesses regarding privacy related-issues (the Survey). This is the first survey of businesses published by the OPC since the beginning of the COVID-19 global pandemic – allowing for comparisons to be made with the pre-pandemic landscape.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/office-of-privacy-commissioner-publishes-survey-report-of-canadian-businesses-on-privacy
On August 5, 2022, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (the Court) in Thaler v Vidal, Case No. 21-2347, finding that an artificial intelligence (AI) system could not qualify as an “inventor” under US patent law. The Court affirmed the earlier decision of the lower court in the Eastern District of Virginia (the District Court), as previously reported by E-TIPS® Newsletter here.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/us-court-of-appeals-affirms-ai-cannot-be-an-inventor-under-us-patent-law
Further to our previous E-TIPS® articles on the Working for Workers Act, 2022 (the Act) found here and here, on July 12, 2022, Ontario’s Guide to the Employment Standards Act (the Guide) was updated to provide Ontario employers with guidance regarding the disclosure requirements for the electronic monitoring of employees that must be complied with by October 11, 2022.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/ontario-government-provides-guidance-on-new-disclosure-requirements-for-electronic
On July 5, 2022, the Legal Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office (EPO) issued its decision in case J 8/20. The Legal Board of Appeal (the Board) confirmed the decision of the Receiving Section of the EPO to refuse patent application number EP 18 275 163 on the basis that an artificial intelligence (AI) system cannot be the inventor of a patent.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/european-patent-office-confirms-a-machine-cannot-be-an-inventor
On July 14, 2022, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) provided its submission in response to a consultation launched by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) on proposed Regulations for the Examination of Documents Stored on Personal Digital Devices (the Regulations).
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/office-of-privacy-commissioner-of-canada-responds-to-proposed-regulations-for-examining
On June 29, 2022, the Québec government published draft regulations respecting confidentiality incidents (the Draft Regulations) that provide details on how public and private sector organizations should be required to handle breaches affecting personal information under the new privacy regime in Québec.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/qu%C3%A9bec-publishes-draft-regulations-on-reporting-confidentiality-incidents
On July 14, 2022, the Federal Court of Canada (the Court) issued its decision in Dragona Carpet Supplies Mississauga Inc. v Dragona Carpet Supplies Ltd., 2022 FC 1042, in which it dismissed the Plaintiff’s action and expunged the Plaintiff’s trademark registrations on summary trial.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/federal-court-of-canada-expunges-trademarks-on-summary-trial-dismisses-passing-off-claim
On July 15, 2022, the Supreme Court of Canada (the SCC) issued its decision in Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada v Entertainment Software Association, 2022 SCC 30, in which it unanimously affirmed the decision of the Federal Court of Appeal finding that the Copyright Act (the Act) only requires users to pay one royalty fee to stream works online. The Court also revised the standard of review for decisions where an administrative body and courts share concurrent first instance jurisdiction over questions of law.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/supreme-court-of-canada-holds-making-works-available-online-not-a-separately-protected-and
On July 13, 2022, the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI) released its final Guideline B-13: Technology and Cyber Risk Management (Guideline B-13), which describes OSFI’s expectations for how federally regulated financial institutions (FRFIs) should manage technology and cyber risks.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/osfi-releases-final-version-of-guideline-b13-technology-and-cyber-risk-management
On July 20, 2022, Health Canada published amendments to the Food and Drug Regulations in the Canada Gazette Part II. The amendments add new regulations for supplemented foods. Supplemented foods are prepackaged foods containing one or more added ingredients, such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, or caffeine, and are marketed as providing a specific physiological or health effect. The primary target for these regulations is consumer energy-type beverages, which have been treated inconsistently and, on an ad-hoc basis for many years. The new supplemented foods regulations came into force on July 20, 2022 but have a transition period to January 1, 2026.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/health-canada-introduces-new-regulations-for-supplemented-foods
On July 20, 2022, Health Canada published long-expected amendments to the Food and Drug Regulations in the Canada Gazette Part II. The amendments add a new requirement for front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol labelling for most prepackaged foods that are high in saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium. The new labelling requirements come into force immediately, on July 20, 2022; however, the food industry has been given a transitional period of until December 21, 2025, to meet the new requirements.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/health-canada-introduces-new-frontofpackage-nutrition-labelling-regulations
On July 6, 2022, amendments to the Natural Health Products Regulations were published in the Canada Gazette Part II. The amendments introduce new labelling requirements for natural health products (NHPs) sold in Canada. Health Canada also published a guidance document to help organizations comply with the amended labelling requirements. These new labelling requirements are set to come into force in three years (i.e. on July 6, 2025) with product license holders having an additional three years from that date to amend their NHP labels to comply with the new requirements.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/health-canada-introduces-new-labelling-requirements-through-amendments-to-natural-health
On June 30, 2022, the Ontario Court of Appeal (the Court) issued its decision in Demme v. Healthcare Insurance Reciprocal of Canada, 2022 ONCA 503 (Demme), confirming that a commercial liability insurer had no duty to defend against claims that were based on the tort of intrusion upon seclusion.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/ontario-court-of-appeal-confirms-no-duty-to-defend-an-action-alleging-tort-of-intrusion
On June 23, 2022, Bill C-19, The Budget Implementation Act, 2022 received royal assent. The Bill includes proposed amendments to the Copyright Act. The amendments extend the term of copyright protection in literary, dramatic, musical, artistic works and certain works of joint authorship and posthumous works from the life of the author plus 50 years to the life of the author plus 70 years. The amendments will come into force on a date to be determined by the federal cabinet.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/canada-extends-term-of-copyright-works-to-life-of-author-plus-70-years
On June 23, 2022, the Federal Court of Canada (the Court) in Rovi Guides Inc. v. Videotron Ltd, 2022 FC 874, dismissed Rovi Guides Inc.’s (Rovi) infringement action against Videotron Ltd (Videotron) with respect to four patents relating to interactive television program guide (IPG) technology. The Court granted Videotron’s counterclaim, held that all of the asserted claims of Rovi’s four patents are invalid on various grounds and concluded in obiter that Rovi would not have been entitled to an accounting of profits if its patents were found to be valid and infringed.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/federal-court-of-canada-invalidates-interactive-tv-program-guide-technology-patents-and
On June 3, 2022, the Supreme Court of British Columbia (the Court) issued its decision in Campbell v. Capital One Financial Corporation, 2022 BCSC 928 (Campbell), certifying a class action lawsuit against Capital One Financial Corporation (Capital One).
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/british-columbia-court-certifies-class-action-proceeding-against-capital-one-involving-800
On June 7, 2022, the Federal Court of Canada (the Court) released its decision in Anheuser Busch, LLC v H.O.W. Medical Solutions Ltd., 2022 FC 842, in which it set aside the decision of the Trademarks Opposition Board (the Board) refusing the request by Anheuser-Busch, LLC (Anheuser-Busch) to amend its statement of opposition. The Court determined that there were palpable and determinative errors in the Board’s decision to refuse Anheuser-Busch’s request.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/federal-court-of-canada-sets-aside-decision-of-trademarks-opposition-board-refusing-leave
On June 27, 2022, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada, along with fellow members of the Global Privacy Assembly’s International Enforcement Cooperation Working Group (IEWG), released guidance documents to help individuals and organizations protect against credential stuffing attacks.
Deeth Williams Wallhttps://www.dww.com/articles/international-data-protection-and-privacy-regulators-release-guidance-on-credential